“Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.”” (John 11:23–24 ESV)
Martha had assimilated and understood Jesus’ teaching on the last day quite well. The phrase “the last day” is used by Jesus four times in John 6.39-54. Martha must have either been there when he was speaking these things, or heard Jesus explain them, or perhaps had the disciples explain them to her. However, she heard them, she believed them, because her expectation was that Lazarus would rise again from the dead “on the last day.” A promise that Jesus made repeatedly:
- “This is the will of Him who sent Me: that I should lose none of those He has given Me but should raise them up on the last day.” (John 6:39 HCSB)
- “For this is the will of My Father: that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.”” (John 6:40 HCSB)
- “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him, and I will raise him up on the last day.” (John 6:44 HCSB)
- “Anyone who eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day,” (John 6:53–54 HCSB)
Martha knew that Lazarus would be raised on the last day, and she knew who would raise him up. What she did not know was that her brother was going to glorify God by becoming the living example of Christ’s power over death.
Would/Will Lazarus be raised again on the last day by Jesus? Yes. Did Jesus need to wait until the last day to raise Lazarus? No. No, He did not.